P.S.H.E. and Citizenship

Citizenship 2017-2018

At Trinity Catholic College PSHE and Citizenship National Curriculum programmes of study is covered within the timetable allowance of 60 minutes per 3 week cycle, and a Focus Day in the first term. Form Tutors deliver the programme.

The programme is designed to not only increase the students understanding of the world around them on several different levels from the individual to the international world in which we belong. It is also designed to raise awareness and enjoyment of the PSHE and Citizenship curriculums with the students, parents and wider school community.

What is the difference between PSHE and Citizenship and why do we have to teach it?

Both PSHE and Citizenship are separate and distinct subjects on the National Curriculum. Each subject has their own set of skills, range of content and levels of attainment. Citizenship is a compulsory subject and PSHE although being a compulsory subject the National curriculum is a set of non-statutory guidelines, which allows schools to adapt the program to meet the needs of their students.

 

PSHE:

Within the 2014 curriculum review the DfE decided that it was best to make PSHE is a non-statutory subject. This was to allow teachers the flexibility to deliver high-quality PSHE which met the needs of their students and school and therefore did not provide a new standardised frameworks or programmes of study. However, in order to support teachers, they provided grant money to the PSHE Association to develop guidance on developing a robust PSHE program which ensured quality teaching across all key stages. The PSHE Association split PSHE into three core themes: Health and Wellbeing, Relationships and Living in the Wider worlds.

 

Health and Wellbeing:

This core theme focuses on:

  1. How to manage transition
  2. How to maintain physical, mental and emotional health and wellbeing;
  3. How to make informed choices about health and wellbeing matters including    drugs, alcohol and tobacco; maintaining a balanced diet; physical activity;
  4. Mental and emotional health and wellbeing; and sexual health
  5. About parenthood and the consequences of teenage pregnancy
  6. How to assess and manage risks to health; and to keep themselves and others safe
  7. How to identify and access help, advice and support
  8. How to respond in an emergency, including administering first aid
  9. The role and influence of the media on lifestyle

All sex and relationship education is taught within the guidelines of the Catholic Church.       

 

Relationships:

This core theme focuses on:

  1. How to develop and maintain a variety of healthy relationships within a range of social/cultural contexts and to develop parenting skills
  2. How to recognise and manage emotions within a range of relationships
  3. How to deal with risky or negative relationships including all forms of bullying (including the distinct challenges posed by online bullying) and abuse, sexual and other violence and online encounters
  4. About the concept of consent in a variety of contexts (including in sexual relationships)
  5. About managing loss including bereavement, separation and divorce
  6. To respect equality and be a productive member of a diverse community
  7. How to identify and access appropriate advice and support.

All sex and relationship education is taught within the guidelines of the Catholic Church.

 

Living in the Wider World

This core theme focuses on:

  1. About rights and responsibilities as members of diverse communities, as active citizens and participants in the local and national economy
  2. How to make informed choices and be enterprising and ambitious
  3. How to develop employability, team working and leadership skills and develop flexibility and resilience
  4. About the economic and business environment
  5. How personal financial choices can affect oneself and others and about rights and responsibilities as consumers.        

 

Each theme is also broken down into “Learning Opportunities” which enable schools to map their provision to ensure a balanced and varied curriculum which meets the needs of thestudents at the appropriate age.

 

Citizenship Education:

Citizenship Education has been a statutory subject for both key stage 3 and key stage 4 since 2002. The expectation is that Citizenship Education should be recording achievement along with all other foundation subjects in the national curriculum; for this to be achieved in an ideal world citizenship education would need to receive a minimum of 3% of the timetable time. However in reality Citizenship is often mapped through other subjects and taught alongside PSHE within a combined programme.

The purpose of citizenship education is to equip the next generation of voters with the knowledge and drive to create change in the world around them. Not only are they taught the factual knowledge that will help them to understand the way that the world around them works, but also provides them with the skills they will need to effect change in the world around them, whether this be at a local, national or international level.

Learning and undertaking activities in citizenship contributes to the achievement of all three of the curriculum aims for all young people to become successful learners, confident individuals and responsible citizens.

 

Key Stage 3

  • The development of the political system of democratic government in the United Kingdom, including the roles of citizens, Parliament and the monarch
  • The operation of Parliament, including voting and elections, and the role of political parties
  • The precious liberties enjoyed by the citizens of the United Kingdom
  • The nature of rules and laws and the justice system, including the role of the police and the operation of courts and tribunals
  • The roles played by public institutions and voluntary groups in society, and the ways in which citizens work together to improve their communities
  • The functions and uses of money, the importance and practice of budgeting, and managing risk

 

Key Stage 4

  • Parliamentary democracy and the key elements of the constitution of the United Kingdom, including the power of government, the role of citizens and Parliament in holding those in power to account, and the different roles of the executive, legislature and judiciary and a free press
  • The different electoral systems used in and beyond the United Kingdom and actions citizens can take in democratic and electoral processes to influence decisions locally, the Different electoral systems used in and beyond the United Kingdom and actions citizens can take in democratic and electoral processes to influence decisions locally & nationally and beyond
  • Other systems and forms of government, both democratic and non-democratic, beyond the United Kingdom
  • Local, regional and international governance and the United Kingdom’s relations with the rest of Europe, the Commonwealth, the United Nations and the wider world
  • Human rights and international law
  • The legal system in the UK, different sources of law and how the law helps society deal with complex problems
  • Diverse national, regional, religious and ethnic identities in the United Kingdom and the need for mutual respect and understanding
  • The different ways in which a citizen can contribute to the improvement of their community, to include the opportunity to participate actively in community volunteering, as The different ways in which a citizen can contribute to the improvement of their community, to include the opportunity to participate actively in community well as other forms of responsible activity
  • Income and expenditure, credit and debt, insurance, savings and pensions, financial products and services, and how public money is raised and spent